The financial markets have reacted turbulently to the results of the referendum on Great Britain's exit from the European Union, held in late June this year. Despite the falls experienced by sterling and the euro, and also the majority of the world's stock markets, the increased volatility post-Brexit has opened up some fine opportunities for traders who were ready for the turn events have taken.
So what is this strange concept, "Brexit"? It's very simple: the word comes from "Britain" and "exit". The idea of leaving the European Union had been raised fairly frequently in the United Kingdom—so much so that people had almost stopped reacting to it. And so the results of the referendum on 23 June had the effect of a bomb going off. Nearly 52% of British voters backed exiting the EU.
The news shocked the world financial markets to life, and most of them immediately responded by dropping. US and European stocks slumped; the pound and the euro both nosedived. Investors started urgently redistributing their portfolios in search of replacements for financial instruments that had become too risky. The crisis even hit Britain's stable property market, slashing prices by several percentage points.
Brexits come and they go...
The high volatility actually didn't last too long: the markets gradually returned to a normal condition. Risks are still thought to be somewhat heightened; but, gradually, everything is returning to its usual routine. Especially since it has become obvious that the process of leaving the European Union may drag on for a number of years.
Analysts are not ruling out the possibility that the "scare stories" spread about the consequences of Britain leaving the EU may have been a massive PR operation, carefully planned, with the goal of luring capital away from cloudy Albion to other EU financial centres—in Germany, for instance. In practice, however, investors as well as ordinary Brits can expect many pluses from Brexit as well as a certain number of minuses. So ultimately there is no cause for panic. It is no accident that the Bank of England, at its latest meeting, declined to raise interest rates.
... and trade carries on
The increased volatility after the referendum results were announced created good opportunities to make money on the financial markets. The sales were basically obvious, and there is no doubt that experienced traders managed to do well—selling practically any kind of instrument without cover.
Indeed, many markets recouped their losses quite quickly. The German DAX index has returned to roughly its initial level, and the American S&P 500 even reached new record heights. And all these movements could be predicted quite precisely, on the basis both of fundamental positions and of technical analysis.
As for currencies, the euro and the pound have not yet returned to their previous levels: but the fall soon came to an end, and the current state is one of consolidation. It is difficult to say which direction the break out of this corridor will take; but it makes sense to keep observing the condition of the markets, so as to be able to get on the winning side—whether the bulls or the bears—quickly.